Arequipa (Peru) metropolitan area has 13 districts with that produce approximately 800 Tons of waste per day and it is estimated that will increase to 3000 Tons of waste per day during the following 35 years. Nowadays, all this garbage is dumped in almost 12 Informal dump-sites located in city’s perimeter. In this context, this project responds to the need for an appropriate classification, treatment, processing and final disposal of city’s urban waste.

At an urban scale, it has been developed a Masterplan of 350 Ha. that envisages the future natural restoration of the landfill area by implanting a system of natural platforms for recreation, leisure, adventure sports and scientific research with huge public spaces with exhibition areas and biotechnological nursery of local flora & fauna. In addition, a series of other industrial facilities such as Leachate Treatment Plants, a Landfill Gas Recovery Plant and an Energy Plant, will serve to transform the by-products generated during the next 50 years.

At an architectural scale, the project aims the transformation of the typical concept of ‘polluting industry (urban waste treatment)’ by readapting its visual image into a more sustainable, socially responsible and highly efficient building. To achieve this, ‘The concept of Factory’ has been re-adapted into three recognizable elements:

• A green CHIMNEY used as a wind-tower, a waste segregation room (manual system) and
as a light diffuser.
• Intelligent ENVELOPES made of different kind of recycled materials obtained in a radio lesser
than 30 km.
• A modulated and parametric ROOF SYSTEM to capture energy passively and other resources
(rainwater storage) through a large-singled roof.

Through real-time data technologies such as light & temperature sensors and waste treatment machinery the building modifies its enclosure characteristics, facades openings and distribution of waste on conveyor belts to control the different amounts of ventilation, lighting and indoor quality.

The project offers re-training opportunities to the informal sector, child-care and leisure facilities for workers and employees. Local community can visit the museum, workshops, cultural areas and enjoy educational tours inside the factory as an strategy for environmental consciousness and education.

Carlos Bartesaghi Koc (Peru 1985) graduated with Summa Cum Laude at the Faculty of Architecture & Urbanism, Universidad Nacional de San Agustín (UNSA) 2011.
He received the Medal of Honor of the University 2009, and has been awarded at: SAIE Selection 2011 (Italy), Bayer Youth Environmental Envoy 2007 (Germany), Goi Peace Foundation + UNESCO Essay Competition 2009 (Japan). UrbanSOS 2009(UK) & EcoHouse 2008 (UK).
He is columnist in TUNZA Magazine (UNEP) and has published in SELF-FAB HOUSE Book, Architectural Review, Archdaily & Arkinka. His projects have been exhibited in Spain, Brazil, Holland and Peru.
At the beginning of 2012 he founds CBK Architects, a firm dedicated to educational activities, design, environmental consulting, applied research and architectural marketing.
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